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Analyses in detail


The cytological analysis provides a fast first opinion upon minally invasive sampling. Cytology is particularly suited for the characterisation of a disease process, such as the type of inflammation or the discrimination between inflammation and neoplasia.

Prognostische Marker

Veterinary forensic investigations and expert opinions

Animals may become victims of animal abuse and unlawful killing. Vetscope Pathologie offers veterinary forensic investigations and expert opinions for authorities and other parties in suspect cases. Please contact Vetscope Pathologie in advance to discuss the procedure and the scope of the investigation.

Additional analyses upon request

Necropsies of animals up to 10 kg body weight

The unexpected death of an animal is probably the major indication for a necropsy. In addition, results obtained from a necropsy serve as a quality control for intra-vitam diagnostics and thus provide continuing education for the attending veterinarian.

Second opinions

A pathological diagnosis arises from the well-founded scientific knowledge of a pathologist, but always also contains a personal interpretation. A second opinion may help to objectify a diagnosis and rule out any doubt that may have occurred.

Supplementary bacteriological and mycological analyses

As a supplementary service to our clients, body fluids, tissue samples and swabs can be submitted for bacteriological and mycological analyses. These analyses are performed in house by our partner laboratory MicroBioS AG.

Prices are available on request.

Lymphocyte clonality testing PARR

This supplementary PCR analysis can stratify a lymphocytic proliferation into polyclonal (= inflammatory) vs. monoclonal (= neoplastic) population. This test is recommended in equivocal cases of lymphoma vs. lymphocytic inflammation in combination with immunohistochemistry. Both paraffin material and cytological smears are suitable to perform the analysis.

Prognostic markers

For some tumors, such as mast cell tumors and melanomas, the supplementary evaluation of prognostic markers may help to better predict the biological behaviour and thus the prognosis.


In certain cases of tumors, the cell or tissue of origin may not be determinded by routine stainings. In such cases immunohistochemistry can be employed for further characterization of the tumor cells.


The histopathological examination allows not only the assessment of single cells, but also their arrangement within the tissue, their invasiveness and proliferative status, as well as the excision margins. The final classification and malignancy grading of a tumor is generally achieved only by histopathological evaluation.

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